Active and Passive Stakeholders in Bringing Deep Tech from Creation to Exploitation: a Comprehensive Analysis

In the fast-paced world of deep tech innovation, the journey from concept to market success is paved with collaboration and strategic partnerships. A diverse array of stakeholders plays integral roles in this journey, each contributing unique expertise and resources. However, not all stakeholders are equally engaged in the process. This article explores the classification of stakeholders into two distinct groups – active and passive – and examines their respective roles in bringing deep tech innovations from the creation environment to the exploitation environment. 

Active Stakeholders: 

  • Researchers and Scientists: Researchers and scientists are the driving force behind deep tech innovation. They are actively involved in conducting groundbreaking research, exploring new technologies, and pushing the boundaries of knowledge. Their commitment to advancing scientific understanding and technological development is paramount in the creation environment. Additionally, active researchers and scientists should participate in market transfer activities, collaborating with industry partners to bring their discoveries to market. 
  • Innovators and Inventors: Innovators and inventors are characterized by their entrepreneurial spirit and hands-on approach to technology development. They actively conceptualize and prototype innovative solutions, leveraging their creativity and expertise to address market needs. These individuals are deeply committed to the commercialization process, taking on leadership roles within startups and driving strategic initiatives to bring their inventions to market. 
  • Business Strategists, Marketing, and Sales Professionals: Business strategists, marketing, and sales professionals are essential for driving market success and revenue generation. They actively develop go-to-market strategies, identify target markets, and cultivate relationships with customers and partners. These individuals are deeply involved in executing marketing campaigns, sales initiatives, and business development activities, leveraging their expertise to drive growth and market adoption. 

Passive Stakeholders: 

  • Incubators and Accelerators: Incubators and accelerators could play a pivotal role in supporting early-stage startups and fostering innovation. They may provide a wide range of resources and support services, including mentorship, funding, and access to networks. Active incubators and accelerators are engaged in the success of their portfolio companies, offering strategic guidance and facilitating connections with potential investors and partners. 
  • Legal Advisors and Intellectual Property Experts: Legal advisors and intellectual property experts play a critical role in protecting and maximizing the value of deep tech innovations. They advise startups on patent strategy, licensing agreements, and IP protection, ensuring that intellectual property assets are safeguarded throughout the commercialization process. These professionals are instrumental in mitigating legal risks and enabling startups to capitalize on their innovations.  
  • Universities and Research Institutions: Universities and research institutions play a foundational role in deep tech innovation, providing the necessary infrastructure and resources for research and development. While they are actively engaged in knowledge creation, their role in the commercialization process is often more passive. These institutions may facilitate market transfer activities but do not play a direct role in day-to-day operations or commercialization efforts. 
  • Venture Capitalists and Investors: Venture capitalists and investors provide essential funding and support for deep tech startups, enabling them to scale and grow. While they play a crucial role in financing innovation, their involvement beyond the initial investment can vary. Passive investors may provide funding without actively participating in the strategic direction or operations of the startup, whereas active investors may take on more hands-on roles, providing guidance and support to portfolio companies and connections to prospects. 
  • Government Agencies and Regulatory Bodies: Government agencies and regulatory bodies play a singular role in shaping the regulatory landscape and providing support for innovation. While they support research and development through funding and incentives, their involvement in the commercialization process is indirect. These entities may provide guidance on regulatory compliance and offer support programs for startups but do not engage directly in day-to-day operations. 

In conclusion, the successful commercialization of deep tech innovations relies on the collaborative efforts of both active and passive stakeholders. While active stakeholders are deeply committed to driving market success through their hands-on involvement and strategic leadership, passive stakeholders play essential enabling roles, providing resources, support, and guidance. By understanding the distinct roles and contributions